In this article, we will consider in detail such a flower as a tulip.
In this article we will consider a very beautiful and delicate flower - a tulip. And also try to tell you the most detailed information about the flower.
What does a tulip flower look like: photo
One of the first flowers that can be found in March is a tulip. An incredibly gentle and stable look of Liliaceae, which can stand for a long time even after a cut. Therefore, women like these flowers very much on one of the most famous spring holidays - March 8th.
- It is very easy to recognize a tulip among other flowers. There is always one bud on the stem, although there are many-flowered species, but rarely enough. One flower consists of 6 petals, simple or double. The most common flower shape is goblet, but there are others, for example, star-shaped, cup-shaped, lilac-colored.
- Today, tulips can be found not only in different shapes, but also in various colors, from white to even blue. There are also two-tone and variegated varieties of tulips.
- The stalk is straight and has round sections. 2 to 6 elongated petals extend from the middle of the stem, depending on the type of plant. The color of the leaves also varies from bright colors to bluish, and striped types of leaves are also found.
It is very easy to grow flowers and tulips can be found in almost every summer cottage. Tulips are unpretentious, but still love warmth, so if the soil does not warm up to a certain temperature by spring, the flower does not groan to open buds, but the leaves will grow. Also, in sunny weather, the flower dissolves its petals, and after sunset, it closes. Tulips are planted in bulbs, which can please their flowering for at least 6 years.Kind of tulips
Tulip consists of:
- Bulbs - from which a flower is grown
- Tulip root
- Stolona is an underground plant stem that is intended for nutrition, vegetative propagation and protection
- Fruiting stalk
Common Tulip - the birthplace of the plant
Tulips are perennial flowers that belong to the Liliaceae family, monocotyledonous class, and the genus Tulip. In Europe, the word "tulip" came from the Ottoman-Persian dictionary and means fabric for the national headdress. After all, the flower petals are incredibly gentle and pleasant to the touch.
Tulips are considered the most famous spring flowers, and Central Asia, or rather Persia, is considered to be the homeland, but today you can find many types of tulips in Kazakhstan, Turkey, India, Europe, etc. By the way, in Turkey in the XVI century, more than 300 species of plants such as tulips were known.Common tulip
The main supplier of most colors is Holland. And already in 1702, during the reign of Peter I, a department was created, whose duties included the supply of flowers from Holland.
Tulip: characteristic plants for children
Tulips are incredibly beautiful flowers and quite unpretentious in the care and cultivation, which is why they are deservedly popular in temperate countries. The structure of the flower is very simple, but depending on the type of plant, the shape and size of the petals, leaves and stem may change.
There are innumerable varieties of such a popular flower; 114 main species and a huge number of hybrids are distinguished. Conventionally, tulips can be divided into such subspecies:
- Simple - they resemble a glass in shape, have one bud, a stalk about 30 cm high, and is considered low. The later species of simple tulips have large flowers and reach a height of up to 75 cm
- Terry species have large and heavy flowers, and the stem does not grow above 25 cm. Often these flowers have a very bright color
- Fringed - unique in that it has a fringe at the edges of the petals, and therefore the incredibly beautiful appearance of tulips. Stem height reaches 80 cm.
- The lily-colored appearance is sophisticated and really resembles a lily, but it has a very bright color, it can also have several colors
- Parrot tulips have an amazing shape that resembles the feathers of a parrot, and are also characterized by a very colorful color, ranging from a combination of light shades to a combination of pink and black
- Green tulips got their name thanks to the green back of the petals.
Tulip is a perennial plant, blooms by the beginning of spring, but with the advent of summer, the leaves fall. A flower can be renewed annually for 5-6 years, of course, depending on the type of plant. Often, tulip hybrids have an activity of no more than 26 months.
Today, tulips are used not only for decoration, but also found application in the beneficial properties of the flower in cosmetology and medicine. Tulip oil is suitable for the treatment of rashes, and in folk medicine, tulip is used to treat cardiovascular diseases. Petals, leaves and flower bulbs are considered edible and are widely in demand in the culinary world.
What plant family does tulip belong to?
The Liliaceae family (Onion family) includes many representatives that are distributed throughout the globe. The whole genus Tulip belongs to this family. Many species of this genus are decorative and beautiful, flowering plants which are characterized by the formation of storage organs, such as: bulb, rhizome and corm.
- The leaves have an elongated long shape, as well as always solid.
- Due to the presence of bulbs and rhizomes, all representatives of the Liliaceae are perennial plants, and are resistant to weather changes. Of course, if this does not damage the root system of the plant. It is laid only once and after damage is not restored.
- The flowers are often regular in shape and slightly more developed on the one hand, that is, they refer to bisymmetric plants.
- Representatives of this family are mostly distributed in temperate climates, but are also found in hot countries.
- Plants of this family propagate by a vegetative method (rhizomes) or seeds.
There are many subspecies of the Liliaceae family, for example, technical, vegetable, medicinal, and decorative. Tulips are the last species.
What is the shape, height of the plant of a tulip flower?
For many people, spring is associated with an incredible flower - a tulip. Such unpretentious flowers have become loved by many gardeners and summer residents, and therefore today you can meet an incredible number of their varieties.
- Due to the fact that tulips are perennial and do not require special care, it is planted on an industrial scale. The shape of the petals, the height of the stem depends on the type of plant. Height ranges from 5 to 90 cm.
- The stem has a cylindrical straight shape, but can bend under the weight of heavy buds in some species of this genus.
- The gray shade of the petals gives a certain waxy coating, the petals have an elongated shape.
- At the very top of the stem is a flower, if the plant is multi-colored, then the buds can be from 2 or more. An ordinary flower has only 6 petals and 6 stamens, but this number may vary depending on the type of tulip. The color of the bud also depends on the species, and recently you can see the most unusual colors of tulips on the shop windows and in the housewives' gardens, for example, purple, snow-white, purple and even almost black flowers.
The length of the flower itself can reach up to 12-15 cm, while the diameter varies from 3 to 12 cm, and when opened, up to 20 cm.Characteristics of Tulips
The shape of the bud can be very different and it depends on the type of tulip:
How many tulip petals: number
Tulips are very common and popular decorative flowers that accrue a huge number of varieties and shapes. Of course, often the petals have almost the same shape and size, arranged in two rows. In an ordinary flower, the bud has 6 petals, respectively, if there are 3-5 buds on the peduncle, then the petals will be 18-30.
But even among the classical lily-shaped species, and natural tulips, flowers with 8 petals can be found, and therefore the number of petals in various species of this genus of flowers ranges from 5 to 10 per bud.
Due to the fact that tulips have a huge number of varieties, while they perfectly adapt in different countries of the world, such a flower is very popular among gardeners.
Description of the tulip - the shape of the petals, stem, leaves, color, aroma
A tulip is an incredibly beautiful flower, in many countries it is a symbol of love and happiness, therefore, giving a red bouquet of tulips is a declaration of love. Also, they say that it is impossible to give yellow flowers to anyone - for separation, and this is considered most of all just such flowers as tulips, because yellow is a symbol of sadness.
The tulip consists of the following parts:
- The roots are numerous and thin, unbranched.
- The stalk is a straight one, forks only if several buds are placed on the peduncle. Height ranges from 5 cm to 1 meter, depending on the type of plant
- The leaves have an elongated shape and a gray color, due to the wax coating on the surface. The number of leaves can be from 1 to 12
- The fruit of the plant is a box with seeds, which is formed after flowering and drying. Further, with the help of the wind, these seeds are carried over long distances.
- The bulb resembles an ordinary onion, thanks to it a perennial flower and withstands temperature extremes
- Stolon is the inner stem by which the plant feeds
- The flowers have a very different shape, depending on the type. The shape of the petals can be oval, round, elongated, pointed, diamond-shaped and with fringe edges, etc.
Colors are also very diverse, there are both monophonic petals and a combination of various shades, and even with the addition of intersperses and stripes. Tulip is an amazing creation of nature, which has a unique fresh aroma that is associated with spring, the beginning of life and flowering. After a cut, flowers will please not only the eye for a long time, but also fill the room with a pleasant aroma. Unfortunately, tulip oil is almost impossible to obtain and therefore artificial tulip aromas are used in the perfume industry.