Health

Prevention of influenza, SARS and colds in adults and children: a reminder. Medicines, antiviral drugs and folk remedies for the prevention of influenza and SARS for adults and children

Timely competent prevention of colds and viral diseases can reliably protect the body during seasonal epidemics.

Influenza and SARS are seasonal infectious diseases that are transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person by airborne droplets. An active attack of viruses entering the human body begins after they multiply on the mucous membranes of the nose, throat and bronchi.

To prevent infection and to alleviate as much as possible the course of any infectious viral disease in case of its onset, it is enough to observe a few simple but effective rules.

Influenza and SARS - seasonal viral diseases

Necessary measures for the prevention of influenza, SARS and colds: a reminder

The most important and reliable method of preventing influenza and SARS is to avoid infection. This means that during epidemics it is best to refrain from visiting crowded places.

IMPORTANT: The source of SARS and influenza is a sick person. The fewer contacts with people that occur, the lower the risk of contracting a viral disease.

However, nobody succeeds in closing houses and not visiting public places at all. Even a five-minute ride in public transport or shopping can cause infection.

Therefore, in order to minimize risks, we must try to increase the body's resistance to the action of viruses and reduce their concentration in the premises. You can achieve this in the following ways:

  • frequent airing of rooms
  • regular handling of general use disinfectant solution
  • hand washing thoroughly
  • regular wet cleaning "in good conscience"
  • humidification in rooms with a special humidifier
  • use of wet disinfectant wipes
  • saline instillation
  • walks in the fresh air in any weather
  • healthy lifestyle (adequate nutrition, sleep at least 8 hours a day, physical activity, hardening)
  • sweat-resistant clothing
  • timely vaccination that creates a specific immunity when it comes to the prevention of influenza
  • taking antiviral drugs and immune stimulants, if necessary

IMPORTANT: Viruses can remain active and active for a long time in a dry, unventilated room. At the same time, they instantly die in the fresh moist air.

Flu Prevention Memo

Medications, antiviral drugs and drugs for the prevention of influenza, SARS and colds for adults: how and when to take?

For the prevention of colds and viral diseases, an adult is sometimes not enough to observe the rules of hygiene and a healthy lifestyle.

Weakened immunity may need more reliable support, in the role of which are antiviral drugs.

It is best if the doctor prescribes the drug based on the results of the tests and the patient’s health status. Often for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections, one or more drugs from the list are used:

  • Immunal
  • Riboxin
  • Broncho Vaxom
  • Ribomunil
  • Imudon

All these tools have delayed action and accepted courses. This means that prevention should begin a few months before the proposed epidemic.

Antiviral drugs for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza

Should know: Influenza and SARS are different diseases, despite the fact that they have the same nature and common routes of transmission. SARS is characterized by a smooth onset, a slight increase in body temperature (up to 39 ° C), nasal congestion and discharge from it, discomfort and sore throat are likely, moderate cough from the first day of illness. Influenza begins abruptly, manifested by chills, fever up to 40 ° C and above and its persistence for the first 3-4 days. In this case, a runny nose is absent or insignificant, sneezing is absent, a strong cough appears on the second or third day. From the very beginning of the disease, a person feels a peculiar "ache" in the joints and a headache, weakness, he is haunted by a feeling of sand in his eyes.

If it is permissible to take funds for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections on their own, then for the prevention of influenza, drugs that have serious side effects are used, and their uncontrolled intake can be harmful.

Therefore, drugs such as rimantadine, orvir, arbidol, tamiflu, ribavirin, acyclovir, oseltamivir can be used for the prevention of influenza, but only on the recommendation of a doctor.

IMPORTANT: Influenza proceeds harder than SARS. The occurrence of complications of influenza in children and adults is most likely, even with proper and timely treatment.

Tamiflu - a tool for the treatment and prevention of influenza

Medicines, antiviral drugs and drugs for the prevention of influenza, SARS and colds for children: how and when to take?

Children are at much greater risk of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza than adults. A visit to kindergartens, schools, circles and sections in combination with the inherent habit of most children not to wash their hands on time can cause viruses to get on the mucous membranes of the child.

If parents take care of their child’s safety in advance and start a delayed course of antiviral drugs a few months before the alleged SARS and influenza epidemic (Broncho-Vaxom, Ribomunil, Imudon) according to the scheme proposed by the doctor, and will be vaccinated against flu, at the height of the epidemic the child will be safe.

If earlier no preventive measures were taken, and the child is forced to attend child care facilities during the epidemic, interferon preparations, for example, children’s, can be used for prevention Anaferon - 1 tablet every morning half an hour before meals.

It is also permissible to use homeopathy for prevention, for example Influcid - 3 tablets per day half an hour before meals.

It is also imperative to regularly moisten the baby’s mucous membrane with saline. For these purposes, suitable as a budgetary physical. solution, as well as expensive sprays in convenient cans equipped with special nozzles.

Broncho-Vaxom - a drug for the prevention of viral diseases

Video: Prevention of SARS and influenza. 5 ways to protect your child from SARS in the fall

What drugs to drink with the first symptoms of influenza or SARS to prevent the disease in adults and children?

Before taking any medications at the first manifestation of ill health, you immediately need to try to determine the cause of the disease. If this is a common cold or SARS with a slight fever, runny nose and cough, then you can do without pharmacy drugs.

Quickly overcome this disease will help plentiful warm drink, airing the room and moisturizing the nasal mucosa with saline solutions. If the patient's body temperature exceeds 38.5 ° C, apply paracetamol or ibuprofen.

Drinking plenty of water at the first sign of a cold

In cases where you need to "get on your feet" as soon as possible, the use of antiviral agents, such as:

  • Oseltamivir
  • Zanamivir
  • Rimantadine
  • Ribavirin
  • Amixin
  • Kagocel
  • Amizon
  • Arbidol
  • Groprinosin
  • Cycloferon

You can read more about antiviral drugs for children of different ages in the article Effective antiviral drugs for children. What antiviral drugs for children up to a year?

IMPORTANT: At the first manifestations of SARS or influenza, symptomatic treatment is also performed. If a catarrhal disease is accompanied by a runny nose and nasal congestion, any vasoconstrictive drops or sprays are used to eliminate these symptoms (2-3 times a day, no more than 5 days). A wet cough can be eliminated with mucolytics (Mukaltin, Ambroxol, Ambrobene, Lazolvan), and for minor sore throat sprays will help (Horacept, Tantum Verde, Ingalipt), as well as lugol or chlorophyllipt.

Chlorophyllipt relieves sore throat with a cold or flu

What ointment or nasal spray is used to prevent flu during an epidemic in adults and children?

Effective flu prevention is the use of ointments, sprays and drops in the nose. Viruses, falling on the nasal mucosa, encounter powerful protection in the form of active substances of nasal preparations, and then they die, or are greatly weakened.

One of the largest groups of drugs for use on the nasal mucosa for the prevention of influenza and SARS is interferons. Interferon-based sprays, drops and ointments have antiviral and immunomodulating effects.

IMPORTANT: When using nasal preparations, interferon does not penetrate the blood, but fights viruses locally. That is why antiviral treatment of the nasal mucosa is the best prevention of seasonal infectious diseases.

The most common nasal preparations of interferon:

  • Viferon ointment and gel
  • Interferon
  • Hyperferon
  • Geneferon
  • Laferabion
  • Nazoferon
  • Laferon

From birth and pregnant women, Nazoferon is prescribed 1 drop in each nostril every other day (2-4 weeks).

The use of nasal spray for the prevention of influenza

Also, for the prevention of viral infections in children and adults, ointment is used. oxolinic 0.25%. Ointment is abundantly lubricated in the nasal mucosa three times a day. It acts locally, only on viruses that do not have time to penetrate the blood.

To increase the resistance of the immune system to the action of viruses, fungi and bacteria and to prevent seasonal diseases, drops can be used Derinat 0.25%. This immunomodulator accelerates the synthesis of interferons and enhances the activity of lymphocytes.

IMPORTANT: Unlike interferons, Derinat is absorbed into the blood, distributed throughout the lymphatic system.

The prophylactic dose of derinate for an adult is 1 drop in each nostril 3 times a day throughout the entire autumn-winter period. For children, the dosage is determined by the doctor, based on data on the age, weight and health status of the child.

The best effective remedy for adults and children for the prevention of influenza, colds and SARS

Those who are looking for the best way to prevent flu, colds, and SARS will be disappointed to find out that there is no universal drug. The body of each person is individual, respectively, the same prophylactic can become a lifesaver for someone, and for someone it can be completely useless.

To enhance the protective means of the body, both an adult and a child, you can apply interferon-based drug. Drops in the nose, suppositories, tablets or inhalation with interferon are especially effective on the first day of the disease and to prevent the disease.

Viferon for the treatment and prevention of influenza and SARS

Prevention of influenza and SARS folk remedies for adults and children

Recipes of traditional medicine may be useful in the struggle for health in the season of colds and flu. Available natural ingredients in a certain combination can reliably protect adults and children from colds and viral diseases.

Recipe number 1: Rosehip drink with honey.
Ingredients:

  • rosehip berries (5 tablespoons)
  • water (1 liter)
  • honey (2 tablespoons)

Cooking:

  1. Crush Dry Rosehip Berries
  2. Put the berries in a pan and pour them with cold water
  3. Put the pot on the fire and bring to a boil
  4. Boil for 10 to 12 minutes over low heat.
  5. Remove the pan from the heat, cover, wrap and leave for 8 - 10 hours
  6. Strain through cheesecloth or sieve
  7. Drink a drink during the day, every 3 to 4 hours, 1 glass, adding honey to taste

Recipe No. 2: Drink with rose hips, raspberry and blackcurrant leaves.

Ingredients:

  • Rosehip berries (1 tablespoon)
  • Shredded raspberry leaves (1 tablespoon)
  • Ground blackcurrant leaves (1 tablespoon)
  • Water (1.5 tbsp.)
  • Sugar to taste

Cooking:

  1. Put the leaves and berries in a pan and fill with water
  2. Put the pot on the fire
  3. Bring to a boil, boil for 10 minutes over low heat.
  4. Remove the pan from the heat, cover, leave to cool completely
  5. Strain
  6. Add sugar
  7. Drink half a glass twice a day
Rosehip drink for the prevention of colds

Recipe number 3: Lime drink with fruits of viburnum and raspberries.

Ingredients:

  • Linden blossom (1 tablespoon)
  • Raspberry Berries (1 tablespoon)
  • Fruits of viburnum (1 tablespoon)
  • Water (2 tbsp.)
  • Natural honey or sugar to taste

Cooking:

  1. Put the ingredients in the pan and pour boiling water
  2. Put on low heat for 10 - 12 minutes
  3. Cool under the lid
  4. Strain
  5. Add sugar or honey to taste.
  6. Take 0.5 cup twice a day

Recipe number 4: Ginger tea with honey and lemon

Ingredients:

  • Ginger root
  • Lemon
  • Honey
  • Boiling water

Cooking:

  1. Grind ginger root, place it in a cup
  2. Pour boiling water
  3. Add lemon and honey to taste.
  4. Drink ginger tea 2-3 times a day
Ginger tea for the prevention of acute respiratory viral infections and influenza

IMPORTANT: In addition to vitamin drinks, peeled onions and garlic are used to prevent viral diseases. They can be laid out in a living room or at the workplace and eat.

Vitamins for the prevention of flu and colds for adults and children

Vitamin balance in the body is very important in any circumstances, but especially during seasonal colds. It is by the middle of winter that the reserves of vitamins in the body are minimal, and immunity is lowered.

IMPORTANT: Vitamins enhance immunity, accelerate the regeneration of cells damaged by viruses, have antiviral properties.

All groups of vitamins are important for the prevention of influenza and the common cold:

  • "WITH" - immunomodulator that suppresses the reproduction of viruses. Prophylactic dose for an adult 100 - 150 mg per day. Contained in blackcurrant, cabbage, lemon.
  • "B1", "B6" - accelerate the restoration of the epithelium of the respiratory tract. "B1" is found in peas, bran bread, spinach, "B6" - meat and cabbage.
  • "AT 2" - accelerates the synthesis of antibodies during the disease. Contained in buckwheat, eggs, cottage cheese.
  • "PP" - has a mild antiviral effect, improves blood circulation in the mucous membranes. It is present in sufficient quantities in meat, pineapple, rye flour, liver and mushrooms.
  • "BUT" - restores damaged cells by viruses. Contained in carrots and green onions.
  • "E" - a strong immunostimulant, blocks the access of viruses to healthy cells. Vitamin "E" is rich in nuts, liver, meat.
Vitamins for the prevention of colds and flu

When it is difficult to replenish the supply of vitamins in a natural way, it is necessary to take special tablet vitamin complexes. However, even taking conventional ascorbic acid may be enough to prevent colds.

If, in spite of all the preventive measures taken, you or your child have a cold or the flu, the main thing is not to panic. Timely diagnosis and adherence to the treatment regimen prescribed by the doctor will accelerate recovery and help to avoid complications. Be healthy!

Watch the video: 25. SARS, Avian Inluenza, and Swine Flu: Lessons and Prospects (April 2020).